更新时间:2014/6/26 14:34:52     本文共浏览:1464次


  1、 基本句型

  l 因果

  On account of/owing to/due to+ N

  For the reason that/as/since+句子

  It is due to____that

  eg:It is due to his persistence and perseverance that he eventually reached his acme.(强调句)

  derive/arise/stem from来源于

  eg:His success derives from his persistence and perseverance.

  ascribe A to B 归结于

  eg: His success can be ascribed/attributed to his persistence and perseverance

  l 条件

  A serves as a catalyst for B(our further success)

  If/on condition that/provided that/as long as________

  l 让步

  Despite the fact that/regardless of

  2、 经典句型

  l 倒装

  1) Only via(by/through /with/when/after) __do/did/can we__

  ef: Only after going to the beach of Hawaii will I know about American typical type of spending leisure time.

  2) Hardly/Seldom/Scarcely can__

  ef: Hardly can we imagine a world/our life without/devoid of

  3) So +adj+主谓倒装+that__

  4) Not only 主谓倒装 but also...

  eg: Not only should education prepare children to compete

  Not only do people care their economic needs,they but also want to meet their spiritual needs.

  5) On no account 主谓倒装(决不....)

  l 强调

  It is/was....that/who(m)....

  l 插入语

  1) 限定性副词 probably/directly or indirectly/to some(a large) extent

  2) N+,ving,+v

  3) 同位语


  l 排比

  1) It is tourism that gives me the opportunity to know the culture of this dynamic, robust and alive country.

  2) It is computers that make our life diverse,convenient,dynamic/ vibrant, without which our life would probably pale.

  3) A/which needs to be/In this way, A can be readily accepted, respected,appreciated and advocated.

  4) Only via university education can we have systematic knowledge concerning arts and science.Only via university education can we know the essence of symbiosis and collaboration. And Only via university education can we meet the demands of society and make our future success inevitable.

  l 十大副词

  1) Considerably

  2) Invariably

  3) Undoubtedly/indisputably/incontrovertibly

  4) Increasingly

  5) Most/exceedingly/exceptionally 格外地

  6) Insightfully 富有见底地

  7) Regrettably

  8) Effectively and efficiently

  9) Gradually and eventually

  10) Readily

  l 其他

  1) It is not difficult for us to imagine that 不难想象

  2) B makes it possible for us to have an universal access to A/A is readily available. A容易得到

  3) In order to survive and thrive in this fiercely competitive society, people have no choice but to work and study hard.

  4) Ruthless and relentless无形/fierce and intense competition

  The ruthless and relentless competition imposes an unprecedented pressure on each and every individual, and therefore,there is no exaggeration to say that our innovative and inventive ability can lay a solid foundation for our future, enabling us to survive and thrive in the modern world.

  5) Inspiration, aspiration and perspiration

  6) Vision,passion and mission



  Range from...


  l 自己的例子

  I can think of no better illustration than the example of my own visit to Singapore. Only after going shopping on Orchard road, the main shopping district in Singapore,did I realize what "a paradise for shopping"really was. Only after roaming in the City Hall,the financial center of Singapore, did I experience the quick pace of modern life. Only after lying on the beach of Sentosa did I know about the Singaporean typical way of spending leisure time.

  l 名人的例子(Yu Minghong,。。。)

  l 社会的例子

  For example, on account of the advent of the technologically advanced society, employers tend to hire people equipped with a wide range of knowledge rather than the ones with limited knowledge.

  l 瞎编的例子


  I can think of no better illustration than the statistic. Experts from the Department of Sociology in Peking University pointed out that the average sleeping time an adult has everyday, compared with 8 hours in the 1970s, has decreased to 6.8 hours due to the busy work and study.



  Imagine/visualize/picture/suppose ....



  1. Life is not fair, get used to it.

  2. The world won't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something before you feel good about yourself.

  3. You will not make 40 thousand dollars a year right out of high school. You won't be a vice president with a car, until you earn both.

  4. If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss. He doesn't have tenure.

  5. Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your grandparents had a different word for burger flipping; they called it opportunity.

  6. If you mess up, it's not your parents' fault, so don't whine about your mistakes, learn from them.

  7. Before you were born, your parents weren't as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to your talk about how cool you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parents' generation, try "delousing" the closet in your own room.

  8. Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life has not. In some schools they have abolished failing grades; they'll give you as many times as you want to get the right answer. This doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to anything in real life.

  9. Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off and very few employers are interested in helping you find yourself. Do that on your own time.

  10. Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

  托福写作精选句型 - 参考译文:

  1. 生活是不公平的,你要去适应它。

  2. 这个世界并不会在意你的自尊,而是要求你在自我感觉良好之前先有所成就。

  3. 刚从学校走出来的时候不可能一年挣4万美金,更不会成为哪家企业的副总裁,还拥有一部汽车,直到你将这些都挣到手的那一天。

  4. 如果你认为学校里的老师过于严厉,那么等你有了老板再回头想一想。

  5. 卖汉堡包并不会有损于你的尊严。你的祖父对卖汉堡包有着不同的理解,他们称之为“机遇”。

  6. 如果你陷入困境,那不是你父母的过错,不要将你理应承担的责任转嫁给他人,而要学着从中汲取教训。

  7. 在你出生之前,你的父母并不像现在这样乏味。他们变成今天这个样子是因为这些年来一直为你付账单,给你洗衣服,听你谈你有多酷。所以,在对父母喋喋不休之前,还是先去打扫一下你自己的屋子吧。

  8. 你所在学校也许已经不再分优等生和劣等生,但生活并不如此。在某些学校已经有了“不及格”的概念,学校会不断地给你机会让你进步,然而现实生活完全不是这样的。

  9. 走出学校后的生活不像在学校一样有学期之分,也没有暑假之说。没有几位老板乐于帮你发现自我,你必须依靠自己去完成。

  10. 电视中的许多场景决不是真实的生活。在现实生活中,人们必须埋头做自己的工作,而并不像电视里演的那样天天泡在咖啡馆里。


                                                             摘自:新东方学习网  http://toefl.xdf.cn/201406/10066534_3.html


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